Understanding investigative journalism?

In the view of there is no final definition of investigative journalism. On the contrary – it should be a vivid process to strive for investigative journalism and any definition must be scrutinised over and over in an ongoing debate among journalists. However, we would like to contribute to this debate by adding some crucial points from several parts of the world.


BELGIUM – NETHERLANDS Association of Investigative Journalists / Vereniging van Onderzoeksjournalisten VVOJ (founded 2001)
The Vereniging van Onderzoeksjournalisten VVOJ is a Dutch-Flemish association for and by journalists. They want to stimulate investigative journalism by spreading knowledge about it. All journalists who share this ambition can become members.

DENMARK Foreningen for Undersøgende Journalistik – FUJ (founded 1989)
The Danish Association for Investigative Journalism (Foreningen for Undersøgende Journalistik, FUJ) works to promote investigative journalism in Danish media. As a FUJ member, you do not need to work with investigative journalism yourself, but the members support the work to promote this type of journalism. It was founded in 1989.

FINLAND Tutkiva – Föreningen för undersökande journalistik (founded 1992)
The Finnish Investigative Journalism Association, Tutkivan journalismin yhdistys, aims to promote thorough and critical journalism, the means are to improve the capacity of journalists and their working conditions. Tutkiva was founded in 1992.

GERMANY Netzwerk Recherche (founded 2001)
The association (Netzwerk Recherche, NR) works to promote investigative journalism in Germany. It represents the interests of those colleagues, who insist on conducting thorough research in journalism, a core interest is to further and improve the education in the field. Netzwerk Recherche was founded in 2001.

SPAIN La Asociación de Periodistas de Investigación (founded ?)
La Asociación de Periodistas de Investigación is the first Association of Investigative Journalists in Spain. The founders are professionals from different media and ideologies with a common need: to implement investigative journalism in public service that serves to lift the carpets of power and stir consciences.

SWEDEN Föreningen Grävande Journalister (founded 1990)
The Association for Investigative Journalism in Sweden (Föreningen Grävanda Journalister, Gräv) aims at encouraging reporters to utilize investigative methods for in-depth reporting. This is done by providing training as well as in-house instruction. Also, a yearly seminar gathers hundreds of reporters for the purpose of sharing their collective experiences, education and knowledge in the field. Gräv was founded in 1990.

SWITZERLAND Swiss Investigation (founded 2003)
The Swiss investigative network is an independent organisation promoting the exchange of contacts and competences between the Swiss investigative reporters and their foreign colleagues. The purpose of this non-for-profit network is to facilitate access to data and resources and promote methods of best practices in investigative reporting. It was founded in 2003.

SWITZERLAND (founded 2010)
In the association, journalists have joined forces, who want an open exchange about research, research techniques and obstacles against research.

Foundations / Funds

BELGIUM (founded 1998) vzw is an independent non‐profit organisation established in 1998 by citizens. The organisation was established with the purpose of facilitating investigative, cross-border and independent journalism in order to promote democracy in Europe by connecting donors and journalists.

THE NETHERLANDS Fonds voor Bijzondere Journalistieke Projecten (founded 1990)
The Dutch Fund for In-depth Journalism was set up in 1990 by an independent group of journalists and is funded by the Dutch government.

HUNGARY The Soma Foundation (founded 2001)
“The Gőbölyös József “Soma” Foundation seeks to enhance the functioning of democracy in Hungary by providing awards, stipends and legal defence to investigative journalists working toward greater transparency and accountability in society” according to its website.

POLAND Foundation for Reporters (founded 2010)
Fundacja Reporterow‘s Initial activities are conferences and a cross-border award.


BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA The Center for Investigative Reporting (founded 2004)
The Center for Investigative Reporting (CIN) is a Bosnian-based non-profit organization dedicated to helping the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina understand what is happening in their country. The goal is to give the people the information they need to make informed decisions in a participatory democracy, to hold government and government officials accountable and to promote transparency through improving the freedom to access information.

BRITAIN The Bureau of Investigative Journalism (founded 2010)
The Bureau of Investigative Journalism officially launched on Monday 26th April 2010. The not-for-profit organisation is the first of its kind in the UK and aims to bolster original journalism by producing high-quality investigations for national and international press and broadcast media,” according to its website. The £2 million start-up funding comes from David and Elaine Potter.

BRITAIN The Centre for Investigative Journalism (founded in 2003)
The Centre for Investigative Journalism advances education for, and public understanding of, investigative journalism, critical inquiry, and in-depth reporting and research. CIJ is a registered charity offering high-level training, resources and research to the community, journalists, students, non-governmental organisations and others interested in public integrity and the defence of the public interest. It is based at the City University in London.

CROATIA Investigative Journalism Center CIN – IJC (founded 2013)
The Investigative Journalism Center (CIN – IJC) is a non-governmental and non-profit organization. IJC supports the development of investigative reporting in Croatia and other countries in South-Eastern Europe.

CZECH REPUBLIC České centrum pro investigativní žurnalistiku – CCIZ (founded 2013)
The Czech Center for Investigative Journalism (CCIZ) was founded by a group of Czech journalists and has as its mission to promote, protect and train investigative journalists, and address the need of local journalism to follow new media trends and standards.

DENMARK Investigative Reporting Denmark (founded 2013)
Investigative Reporting Denmark is a Danish centre for investigative journalism. First and foremost the centre is a watchdog that will attempt to keep in check those in power. It investigates the important stories that other media generally choose not to run and makes difficult information accessible.

GERMANY CORRECT!V (founded 2014)
CORRECT!V aims to uncover unethical behaviour and structural disadvantages through extensive investigation. It wants to combine the classical virtues of journalism with technical innovation in data analysis and integrate solidly researched facts into modern stories.

HUNGARY Átlátszó Center for Investigative Journalism (founded 2011)
Átlátszó Center for Investigative Journalism is a watchdog NGO based in Budapest, Hungary, that combines investigative journalism and civic activism to promote transparency in Hungary.

HUNGARY DIREKT36 (founded 2015)
Direkt36 is an investigative journalism center in Hungary with the mission to expose wrongdoings and abuse of power, by producing stories based on tough questions and hard facts.

ICELAND Icelandic Center for Investigative Journalism (founded 2011)
The Icelandic Center for Investigative Journalism (Miðstöð rannsóknarblaðamennsku á Íslandi, ICIJ) was founded as a response to a grave situation in Iceland where investigative journalism is almost non-existent. It is an independent body associated with The University of Iceland, sanctioned by its Social Science Department.

ITALY Investigative Reporter Project Italy (founded 2012)
IRPI is a collective of investigative journalists that want to produce journalistic inquiries. Their investigations, some of which are initiated by IRPI’s own members while others are commissioned by third parties, intend to inform their audience about all sort of wrongdoings with a special focus on public matters.

LATVIA Baltic Centre for Investigative Journalism (founded 2011)
The Baltic Center for Investigative Journalism intends to perform long-term, in-depth cross-border investigations of socially important issues, with a focus on topics involving corruption, crime, finances, entrepreneurship, health and human rights. The Center’s main focus will be corruption and lack of transparency at the higher structures of power: justice system, law enforcement, political parties and other major public institutions.

ROMANIA The Romanian Center for Investigative Journalism (founded 2001)
The main goal of the Romanian Center for Investigative Journalism (Centrul Roman pentru Jurnalism de Investigatie, CRJI) is to enhance the quality of investigative journalism in the country. Members of the Center themselves work on investigative stories, the center is run independently from local financing resources and has established investigative desks in ten of the main cities of Romania. It was founded in 2001.

ROMANIA OCCRP (founded 2012)
The Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP) is a not-for-profit, joint program of a number of regional non-profit investigative centers and for-profit independent media stretching from Eastern Europe to Central Asia.

SERBIA The Serbian Center for Investigative Journalism (founded 2008)
The Serbian Center for Investigative Journalism (CINS) engages in investigative journalism in order to provide trusted and accurate information, based on facts and evidence, which will help Serbian citizens better understand the events taking place in their country.

SLOVENIA CPNS Center za preiskovalno novinarstvo (founded 2013)
The Slovenian Centre for Investigative Journalism CPNS.

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